A researcher with Dalhousie College in Halifax is working to vary the status of sharks by instructing Nova Scotians the way to defend themselves after they get within the water.
“We’re at a part now the place their populations are declining and there is plenty of work to only rebrand the shark and get individuals to see that they are not these senseless animals,” Vanessa Schiliro, a marine biology pupil at Dal, advised CBC Radio’s Mainstreet on Monday.
“They’re truly tremendous necessary for our oceans and assist hold them balanced and wholesome.”
That is why final month, Schiliro created a short video describing the dos and don’ts of shark safety.
She stated she was impressed to make the academic video due to the increase in sightings in Atlantic Canada over the previous couple of years, together with one alleged assault.
Final August, a 21-year-old girl was bitten by what was believed to have been a shark within the waters off Cape Breton. There hasn’t been a confirmed shark attack in Canadian waters since 1870.
Robert Hueter, the chief scientist for Ocearch, a U.S.-based shark-tracking group, has stated nice whites want cooler waters and with local weather change pushing hotter waters additional north every year, it is potential more and more great white sharks will be moving into Atlantic Canada.
Schiliro stated nice white sharks are normally present in coastal waters from July to November, which is when Nova Scotians must be ready and know the way to defend themselves.
LISTEN | Tips on how to hold your self secure round sharks in Nova Scotia waters:
Mainstreet NS8:07Tips on how to hold your self secure round sharks in Nova Scotia waters
Listed here are the dos and don’ts for swimmers, surfers and divers with regards to shark security.
Schiliro stated anybody moving into the water ought to first know their atmosphere. Do a scan of the water earlier than getting in. All the time verify if there are any seals within the space, or every other creatures that could be prey for sharks.
“If there are seals, there’s more likely to be sharks,” she stated, including that folks ought to avoid these areas.
She stated individuals also needs to be aware of what is going on on round them. For instance, if there are seals close by, have a look at how they’re behaving. In the event that they’re avoiding the water, that would imply there is a shark close by.
She additionally beneficial swimming in teams, and staying near shore.
“If one thing occurs, you may be faster to realize help if wanted and you’ll exit the water faster if there’s a shark close by.”
Schiliro stated individuals ought to keep away from that water when there’s dangerous visibility, together with murky or overcast circumstances. This might make it more durable to detect motion within the water.
She stated individuals also needs to keep out of the water when there’s close by fishing actions or animal stays, and at daybreak and nightfall when sharks are inclined to hunt.
While you do get into the water, Schiliro stated individuals ought to keep away from sporting brilliant, contrasting colors. White sharks solely see shades of gray so something that stands out within the darker water “may pique their curiosity.”
For a similar cause, individuals ought to keep away from sporting shiny clothes or jewellery.
“Shiny jewellery can seem like fish scales — that sheen below water — that may be an attractant.”
What to do in the event you encounter a shark
Schiliro stated in the event you do encounter a shark, do not panic.
“While you panic, that takes away from our skill to react in a aware means and it is simply necessary to understand that simply since you see a shark, it doesn’t suggest it is going to come attacking.”
She stated you need to control the shark and keep away from frantic actions like yelling, splashing and swimming away too rapidly. These actions mimic what scared prey would do.
“Finally, you need to present it that you are a predator and never prey and never act like one thing that is type of panicking as soon as it sees the shark,” she stated.
She stated if the shark does come shut, she recommends making a buffer area. Surfers can use their surfboard and divers may use any tools they’ve on them.
“Create area with that and simply attempt to keep calm, transfer cautiously and simply exit the water with low power and noise.”
Schiliro stated she hopes this recommendation will alleviate the worry individuals have of sharks.
“We simply need to behave respectfully towards the animal. It is a wild animal like a bear is or a snake is and [these are] just a few staple items we will take into consideration for each us and the shark,” she stated.
“I actually need individuals to remember the fact that we’re in all probability an even bigger menace to sharks than they’re to us.”