Liuqiu Island reefs in worst situation in Taiwan: report

Taipei, June 7 (CNA) Coral reefs round Liuqiu Island off southwest Taiwan are within the worst situation amongst all reefs across the nation, in accordance with the findings of an 12-year examine of the reefs launched by the Taiwan Environmental Data Affiliation (TEIA) on Tuesday.

The report, which summarized analysis carried out by the TEIA between 2009-2020, discovered that reside coral cowl, an environment friendly indicator of coral reef well being, averaged solely 10-20 p.c round Liuqiu Island, the bottom in Taiwan.

Reefs round Liuqiu Island, together with these round Inexperienced Island and Kenting within the south, suffered extreme bleaching round 2020 because of international warming and the low incidence of typhoons within the nation, the TEIA stated in a press convention forward of World Oceans Day on Wednesday.

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Whereas coral reefs in most areas have proven indicators of slight restoration, these round Liuqiu Island stay in very unhealthy situation, stated Allen Chen (陳昭倫), an Academia Sinica researcher.

The well being of coral reefs round Liuqiu Island has been declining over the previous 20-30 years, because of over-fishing, leisure disturbances, and air pollution from close by Kaohsiung Metropolis and Pingtung County, Chen stated.

From an educational perspective, harm to the coral reefs across the Liuqiu Island has handed the tipping level, which makes pure restoration most unlikely, he stated.

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“It is like a golf ball that has fallen right into a gap — it will probably’t get again to the floor by itself,” he stated, including that it could require authorities intervention together with journey and air pollution controls, in addition to conservation measures to reverse the development.

Different coral reefs beneath appreciable risk are these alongside the north and northeast coasts, the place reside coral cowl is round 20-30 p.c, and within the east, the place it’s 30-40 p.c, the report stated.

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Human actions that resulted in over-development and eutrophication had been all in charge for the worsening well being of the coral reefs in these areas, in accordance with the report.

TEIA secretary-general Chen Jui-pin (陳瑞賓) urged the federal government to introduce a marine conservation act to implement concrete measures to guard the ocean.

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By 2030, Chen stated, Taiwan ought to preserve 30 p.c of its coastal and marine areas, in addition to enact stricter legal guidelines to manage coastal growth and marine waste disposal.

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